A little more authentic way of life in Kyoto;
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“Machiya” was built as a residence.
Its beauty and user friendly were polished and devised in long history.
The charm of”Kyo-Machiya”has been accumulated from the Heian period since the capital was transferred to Kyoto.
We hope that you understand the charm of”Kyo-machiya”
It is house tiles which are constructed a straight line between the bottom of eves edge.
Since the serious fire occurred several times in edo period, a tile started to use instead of wood.
It brings uniformity to the town,And gives fresh information as well.
It is a bamboo-made fence that has attached to protect the wall from rain. When the road was too narrow and unpaved,
it took on a meaning of protecting from dust while a wagon across the road. Moreover,
thanks for the oil content and flexibility of bamboo, it showed the effects that robber could not climb the Inuyarai. It has prevailed in the middle of edo period.
Noren has had the meaning of blindfold or the purpose to avoid the wind. Dyeing and weaving have developed in the early edo period, dyed, which
is designed from a name of a store and a trademark, has been used as a sign.
This is a kind of window that is covered with plaster, it would be seen originally the second floor of Machiya.
It is necessary for the ho
Koushido (lattice door) is what most of the Kyo-Machiya has in common. It plays an important role in security since it is harder to see from outside, yet very clear from inside.
It is also easy to tell the family business because of its own unique lattice pattern, length, and thickness.
A room on the ground floor in front of MACHIYA street. It was used for business space or guest room.
Tori Niwa (Doma)
A narrow long corridor between the entrance and the back. It is also the way to let wind and the sun light in.
The small space faced to Miseno-ma is called “Mise Niwa (store yard)”, the entrance is called “Genkan Niwa (entrance yard)”,
and the space in front of kitchen is called “Hashiri Niwa (running yard)”. Some of house still have wide space, “Doma” in the entrance.
Hashiri Niwa (running yard)
“Hashiri” is something like the kitchen today; the word comes from the way housewives are running around.
The upper part is wellhole called “Hibukuro” to dissipate heat for smoke treating, which makes the roof frame look beautiful.For the period of time we used a cooking stove called “Okudosan” for boiling firewood,
“Hashiri” was the warmest place in the house.
However, it is rather the coldest place especially in winter time now that we use the electricity and gas as a fuel. That is why this style of the house has become rarely seen in modern society.
The houses which has Kyoto old style usually have stairs with a steep slope, for we are able to make good use of the quite narrow space.
The storage space is provided under the stairs, which enables us to reserve room to store things.
Yards in MACHIYA are not to use, but to enjoy watching. Most large houses have a small yard called “Tuboniwa” in the space between rooms, in addition to a backyard.
It is essential to have yards to transmit lights or winds inside because the houses have large depth despite having small width.